UNICEF in collaboration with CERSGIS uses remote sensing and GIS to address Ghana's sanitation problems.Major challenges affecting basic rural sanitation delivery includes lack of planning and coordination of programmes aimed at improving sanitation and this is due to limited staffing in the various institutions and limited resources for capacity building and implementation of programmes. As at 2015, only one rural household out of ten were using improved household toilets while three in every ten of them practiced open defecation and not a single district in Ghana has achieved an open defecation-free status. There is no clear urban basic sanitation strategy and plan in Ghana. Various approaches and interventions in urban basic sanitation are not effectively coordinated and monitored. Unlike rural communities, social mobilization for sanitation and hygiene promotion in urban settlements is quite complicated due to its cosmopolitan and multi-cultural nature. However, sanitation is a social and public good whereby every citizen needs to participate in discussions and decisions that will benefit everybody.In Ghana, UNICEF supports the government to develop appropriate strategies for effective drinking water supply services, hygiene promotion and good sanitation. UNICEF also supports the government to demonstrate effective approaches and develop capacities of institutions and community structures. UNICEF also supports government and civil society institutions to advocate for effective policies and strategies, which are also supported by the development of a reliable evidence base through research.